Stories tagged South Africa

Jan
12
2006

The University of Witwatersrand in Johannesburg South Africa has long been known for its impressive discoveries related to human evolution. Discoveries from Witwatersrand related to human evolution typically emphasized the importance of not only Africa but South Africa in the development of early man. Many of the more famous discoveries related to Paleoanthropology or the study of human evolution come from East Africa — where researchers have discovered, and continue to discover, some of the best evidence for human origins in Africa. Researchers further south, however, continued to argue that fossil discoveries from South Africa should not be discounted from the developing picture of the history of early man.


Raymond Dart with Taung skull: Raymond Dart with Taung skull Credit

One of the most significant South African discoveries was the Taung child, which was discovered in 1924 and was given its name when the first researchers to examine the fossil concluded that the specimen was so small because it was a child. This week, researchers from Witwatersrand are announcing that the Taung child could have been killed by a large bird. Yahoo News is reporting that by studying the hunting abilities of modern eagles in West Africa, researchers determined what signs would be left behind on a skull of an animal that was killed by a predatory bird. Armed with this new knowledge, Physical Anthropologists reexamined the Taung child and found traces of cuts behind the eye sockets. Even though the specimen has surely been examined hundreds of times since its discovery, nobody had really noticed the marks before.

Discoveries like this one prove that new discoveries and interpretations can be made by simply reexamining old discoveries with a fresh pair of eyes. No pun intended.